Atopic Dermatitis, also known as “eczema”, is one of the most common rashes of childhood. It is chronic, and can be a challenging condition for both the person suffering with this rash and the care providers. The involvement of an allergy specialist is helpful in confirming the diagnosis in difficult cases and in identifying triggers, including environmental allergens and foods, that might be aggravating the condition. In approximately 1/3 of more serious cases, a food allergy is an important trigger. Management continues to require regular use of moisturizing agents and anti-inflammatory medications for exacerbations. Patients with eczema often go on to develop other allergic conditions including allergic rhinitis (e.g. “hayfever”) and asthma. An allergist is capable of providing comprehensive care for all of these conditions.